Canadian judges are not bound by the Punitive recommendations of the Crown and could impose harsher (or lighter) sentences. As a result, the Crown and the defence will often make a joint submission with respect to the conviction. While a joint filing may involve both the Crown and the defence, which recommends exactly the same injunction in a case, it is not usual, except in such minor cases that the Crown is prepared to recommend a relief. In more serious cases, a joint submission normally requires a relatively narrow sentence, with the Crown arguing for a sentence at the top of the zone and the defence arguing for a sentence at the bottom of the scale, in order to preserve the visibility of the judge`s ability to exercise discretion.  Arguments are so common in California Superior Courts (General Courts) that the California Judicial Council has issued an optional seven-page form (which contains all mandatory advice prescribed by federal and national law) to help prosecutors and defense attorneys reduce these good cases in written pleas.  Arguments in court proceedings are admissible only to the extent that prosecutors and defence can agree that the accused will plead guilty to certain counts and the prosecutor will drop the rest. [Citation required] Although this is not a plea, the defence may, in Crown court cases, ask the judge for an indication of the likely maximum sentence that would be imposed if the accused pleads guilty.   A plea allows both parties to avoid lengthy criminal proceedings and may allow the accused to avoid the risk of a conviction in court for a more serious charge. In the U.S. legal order, for example, an accused who is charged with theft and whose conviction would require a prison sentence in the state prison may have the opportunity to plead guilty to a misdemeanor of theft that cannot be punishable by imprisonment. In Estonia, arguments were launched in the 1990s: the sentence is reduced in exchange for confessions and avoiding most trials.
Arguments are permitted for offences punishable by more than four years in prison.