The VFA is an agreement implementing the 1951 Mutual Defense Treaty (MDT), in which the two countries undertake to respond in “unity” to any external armed attack on their territory, armed forces, public ships and aircraft. Close ties between Manila and Washington have also generated economic benefits, with the United States inclined to give its traditional allies “preferential treatment,” Locsin said. The VFA remains “in force” for up to 180 days from the date the Philippines wrote to the United States or vice versa that it wants to denounce the agreement. If the Philippine government decides to impose the termination of the VFA, it only has to inform the United States in writing of its intention to terminate the contract. The Agreement shall remain in force for 180 days after the sending of this Communication. From a bilateral perspective, the end of the VFA would effectively bring the alliance between the United States and the Philippines back to the early 1990s, when the alliance itself still existed, but was castrated by a lack of a United States. Military presence to facilitate the type of cooperation, interoperability and capacity building that is an essential element of Alliance cooperation. In the absence of agreement on a number of conditions under which U.S. troops may be present on Philippine soil, we risk seeing some possible discussions and reflections on the level and nature of their presence there, which have helped underpin U.S.
defense cooperation with the Philippines, which, despite Duterte`s threats, has indeed improved thanks to some measures. U.S. and Philippine officials themselves have spoken of the importance of some sort of VFA-like mechanism, which will serve both as a basis for cooperation that might otherwise be lost and that would allow for the U.S. security presence. Second, it is unclear whether the president has the constitutional power to repeal an international agreement ratified by the Philippine Senate. Senators still disagree on whether Duterte can unilaterally denounce the VFA and have even proposed that the Supreme Court weigh in on the legality of Duterte`s decision. A5: The termination procedure within the VFA sets a period of 180 days between the announcement of the intention to resign until the official date. In the absence of a new agreement, U.S. forces currently operating in the Philippines must withdraw or find a new legal status.
These include US forces present to support AFP`s fight against Islamic State-linked insurgents in the southern islands. .