The Electronic Information System for International Law (EISIL) is managed by the American Society of International Law with support from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. The EISIL website provides researchers with access to primary materials, authoritarian websites and useful research guides on international law. Customary international law (CUIL) is a fundamental source of international humanitarian law, which provides legal protection to fill protection gaps resulting from states` non-ratification of important treaties, particularly in internal armed conflicts. A collection of detailed reports, reports and projects relating to the adoption of the Geneva Conventions and the comprehensive work of the Hague Peace Conferences of 1899 and 1907, which can be accessed directly on this link. This collection is useful for researchers looking for more context and discussion on the creation of certain contracts and specifically provides U.S. government documents that articulate their position with respect to international obligations arising from relevant treaties. Pending a more complete code of the laws of war, the High Contracting Parties consider it fair to declare that, in the ordinances they have adopted, the people and the belligerents remain under the protection and kingdom of the principles of international law, as they are the result of the customs between civilized nations, the laws of humanity and the demands of the public conscience. The Refugee Convention, adopted on 14 December 1950, and the 1967 Additional Protocol define the legal framework for refugee protection. The guidelines on internal displacement define the rights and safeguards relevant to the protection of internally displaced persons and provide a framework consistent with international human rights law, humanitarian law and refugee law.
Refugees, internally displaced persons or returnees often lack traditional safeguards and are naturally mobile and are therefore particularly vulnerable to the effects of landmines, ERW and submunitions. In addition to the real and imminent risk of damage, the presence of these weapons limits free movement and therefore seriously risks restricting access to basic means of survival, including water and food, arable land and medical services.